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ONE FLEW OVER THE CUCKOO’S NEST
(Milos Forman . 1974 )

 

“Which one of you nuts has got any guts?”

ONE FLEW OVER THE CUCKOO'S NEST

Milos Forman . 1974 

 

           Broadway 1963 - One Flew Over the Kirkoo's Nest ... 

I’d do anything to play Randle P McMurphy!” Kirk Douglas’ reaction on reading the galley proofs of Ken Kesey's 1962 novel. He boughtthe rights for $47,000, had the book adapted for the stage and starred - for free - on Broadway in1963. Not the success he’d planned to help set up a movie version (with producerJoseph E Levine, who finally said no in 1969). The play was regarded a flop - "extraordinary tastelessness." complained critic Walter Kerr in the New YorkHerald Tribune -and closedafter fivemonths.

A big fan of Loves of a Blonde, Kirk was also the first to feel the movie should be made by the Czech director Milos Forman. “We met in Prague in 1965 or 66,” recalled Forman, “and he asked: If I in send you a book will let me know if you can make a film ofit? He was obviously interested in me because I’d made films with very little (of what would be his) money. The book never arrived...”

Well, not for another seven years -and then mailed by irk’s son, Michael, and his production partner, Saul Zaentz. Forman finally realised Czech censors had blocked the delivery of the book from Kirk.

By 1970, director Richard Rush tried to set it up - with Nicholson, who had “tried to option the book as a 26-year-old producer when it first came out in 1963.”

When Douglas and Lewis could not get  backing for the movie, Peter Fonda was the first to try and buy the rights for himself. Then...

 

“Dad, let me try,” said Michael Douglas in 1971.

“I promise I won't lose your money.”

 

Immediately, the script hit Marvin Josephson's desk for Steve McQueen.  And Cassavetes told his actor buddy Seymour Cassel: "I'm going to buy it from Michael and do it with you, Seymour."  "Great!"

"I loved it," Cassel told me in Cannes. "I'd also read the book in galley proofs. Cassavetes worked on getting the rights and it got down to that they wanted a huge percentage as executive producers. Then, they also wanted final cut. And John left it."

After colossal disinterest, Michael Douglas finally drummed up a deal with independent producer Saul Zaentz. Mike was also a fan of  Milos Forman - The Fireman’s Ball - and wanted the same capture of human foibles and humour. “If we didn’t have humour it would have been be a long, dark evening.” Forman alone had a clear visison (humour included) and “his own demons.”

"After ten years of telling everybody what a great role it was,"noted Kirk," they finally agreed...

 

“It was finally going to happen.

My dream of a production,

for a company named after my mother,

working with my son, in the role of my life...

But no.   You're too old, Kirk!”

"Nicholson played my part - brilliantly, dammit!  But... differently.  He won an Academy Award. But Ken Kesey told the Press that I should have played it. That made two of us…  I would have loved if it Nicholson had been terrible."

Kesey also said that "going to see the film would be like a mother paying to see her 13-year-old daughter raped."

"Jack was great," agreed Cassel.  "Oh God, what I could have done with that.  I'm half-Irish after all!  It would have beena different fili if John Cassavetes had made it."

Or, Brando...

Or, indeed, Gene Hackman - depressed at the box-office failure of Scarecrow and The Conversation, he had decided to make sure winners only,"then I'll have plenty of dough." Even stars need mortgages. And pensions.

Burt Reynolds desperately wanted it.

“In fact, I tried to kill Jack!”  

 

Milos  definitely wanted Burt.  The studio, equally definite,  did not. "He has charisma,"  said Forman. Sure, he was box-office, too. He was big. But drew a different  crowd and that might turn critics against the movie.  So, Jack got his Oscar. A decade later, Burt was James Brooks’  first choice for astronaut Garrett Breedlove romancing Shirley MacLaine in Terms of Endearment. Burt passed. Result: Oscar #2 for Jack!

“You can’t go back,” he told the Sydney Morning Herald. “You can’t relive that moment when you should have said:‘I’ll take it, I’ll do it.'” His role selections were lousy. Worse than George Raft’s. George  refused most of Bogart’s hits and now Reynolds  passed five other movies to Jack: The Last Detail, 1973;  One Flew Over The Cuckoo’s Nest, 1974; Terms of Endearment, 1983 (“biggest mistake of my life”);  Prizzi’s Honour, 1984; Midnight Run, 1987.   “They all would’ve changed my career, without a doubt.”

Randle P McMurphy  .   When Kirk Douglas still owned the rights and knew he was not the right name (or age), he phoned Stacy Keach  in New York. "I knew the piece, I'd seen Kirk play it on stage - even seen him rehearse it! - when I was a Yale drama student. I was never overwhelmed by the play but I said:  Of course I'd do it! But the studio didn't like Ken Kesey's script. Kesey was out!  Hal Ashby was out! So was I. Milos Forman was in and he had the grace to invite me to breakfast to explain why Jack was going to do the part."

Jon Voight tried hard. James Caan pissed off  four or five different directors offering him  the lead.   "I thought - because I’m a genius - it wasn’t visual enough.  It's not a movie.  Who wants to  look at four institution walls?"

Caan later admitted: "Milos Forman made it great. Jack was great in it. I made a flat-out, fucking mistake."

Michael Douglas (or Mikey D as Nicholson dubbed him) talked to Jack’s lady, Anjelica Huston, early on...  “I don’t know if I was the instrumental factor," she said.  "But I mentioned to Jack that Michael wanted to see him about it.”

Michael was first planning it  with director Hal Ashby, who had just directed Jack in  The Last Detail - far from his Easy Rider, Fiver Easy Pieces passivity...   “When I saw him as the flamboyant yet sensitive shore patrolman... I knew he could do it.”  So did Jack. He was merely holding out, so he  told  his pal, Bruce Dern, for his first $1m pay-cheque.  

Nurse Ratched .  Louise Fletcher had no idea there had been a Ratched battle until a journo mentioned it to her during a set visit.

"Again Marlon told me  to go for it," said Brando’s friend and former lover, Geraldine Page.   "Once again, I didn't listen to him." (The other time had been about The  Exorcist; and yet, when he warned her off John Wayne’s 3-D Western,  Hondo, she accepted it!). "As long as there  is an eccentric and kooky lady to play," she told Tennessee Williams, who had created some for her, "there will be  a role for me. A drunken, fading actress. A neurotic schoolteacher. An ageing spinster. A vulnerable lady hanging on to life by an emotional thread." 

Following his pal Brando’s lead, Jack Nicholson tried hard but could not persuade Anne Bancroft  -  "I don't want to be  this person."

Hard to believe but Angela Lansbury, Laurence Harvey’s vile mother in The Manchurian  Candidate, 1962,  did not feel she could handle the equally terrible  Ratched!  Nor did a flock of strong and stellar actresses: Ellen Burstyn, Colleen Dewhurst, Faye Dunaway, Jane Fonda, Jeanne Moreau.

Fletcher was officially  chosen and signed up a mere week before filming began  at the Oregon State Mental Hospital in Salem.  She was a Nicholson pal from acting class and had been auditioning for more than six months for a difficult to satisfy Forman.  "No, no, no!  You're just not approaching the part correctly." 

The problem was not the actress but the director.  For Forman, Ratched was evil personified - and Fletcher was not. They continued exploring the character until  Forman saw the light.  Fletcher’s light.  He  slowly started to realise that it would be much more powerful if  she’ was only an instrument of evil.  "She doesn’t know that she’s evil. She, as a matter of fact, believes that she’s helping people.”

Until then, Ratched been  reserved for  Lily Tomlin, a clever comic on Rowan and Martin’s  Laugh-In  TV show who would finally went straight two years later in The Late Show (produced by the same Bob Altman who impressed Forman so much).   By the time Forman made up his mind and called Fletcher, she was about to start Nashville (Altman again!). A deal was struck. Fletcher and Tomlin  swopped roles, films and directors.  Both were up for Oscars on March 29, 1976. Fletcher won Best Actress, Tomlin lost Support Actress to Lee Grant in Shampoo.

Candy .   Robert Altman’s Thieves Like Us had impressed Forman in 1973. .  Or, the women therein did.  That’s where he found his Ratched, Louise Fletche - and nearly one of her nurses. He saw Shelley Duvall as Candy; she did not. And Candy became Marya Small, a Pasadena actress who kept changing her name to Merrya, Mary and finally Mews Small for some 43 screen roles across 46 years  - including Forman’s Man on the Moon, 1998.

Rose .   Said Forman to Duvall: OK, how about Rose  the hooker?   Said Duvall to Forman: How about not?. Which is why he  signed the Cuban-born Louisa Moritz.  Duvall got Nicholson - and all to herself, well more or less -  in The Shining, 1980.

Billy Bibbit .  Having made his stage debut as an orderly in the Broadway  play...

 

Douglas nearly chose

a role for himself

 

"I flirted with the idea of playing Billy Bibbit," he told me at Cap d'Antibes.  "But as the cast began to come together, there were just better people than me for the part.  Milos and I saw 900 actors for the 16 roles. Also, as a first time producer, I had my hands full."

Saying his Harold  and Maude breakthrough (at 20) "was a blessing and a curse," Bud Cort passed, he was only interested in being McMurphy. Fat chance! Once Nicholson was signed, Cort went back and asked Douglas for Bibbit.  Too late.  Brad Dourif had won the gig.

Michael almost had to literally break Nicholson’s neck to  go to the Oscars,  "He’d lost three times…  When we lost the first four of our nine nominations, he kept telling me: Told so, you Mikey D.“  Then, Michael’s  movie  became only  the first to attain  the Oscar grand slam -  Best Picture, Director, Actor, Actress, Adapted Screenplay -  sin d It Happened One Night, 1934.

Despite the legend, Kirk was too canny a businessman to simply give the rights to his son - he kept 7 1/2% and made around $15m from the deal.  Certainly making more money than from any of his other films. "And I'd gladly give back every cent if I could have played that role."






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